In what we call "web 2.0", "cookies" play an important role in facilitating access to and delivery of multiple services that the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
- Customizing certain settings such as: the language in which a site is viewed, the currency in which certain prices or rates are expressed, keeping the options for various products in the shopping cart - thus generating the flexibility of the "shopping cart";
- Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them even more efficient and accessible to users;
- Allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be included in a particular site to create a more valuable, useful and enjoyable browsing experience
- Improve the efficiency of online advertising.
WHAT IS A "COOKIE"?
An "Internet Cookie" (also known as a "browser cookie" or "HTTP cookie" or simply a "cookie") is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, that will be stored on your computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from which the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed by request issued by a web server to a browser and is completely "passive" (does not contain software, viruses or spyware and can not access the information on the user's hard drive). A cookie consists of 2 parts: name and content or value. Moreover, the duration of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver.
Cookies themselves do not require personal information in order to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify internet users.
There are 2 major categories of cookies:
- Session cookies - these are temporarily stored in the cookies folder of the web browser so that it can store them until the user leaves the respective website or closes the browser window (eg when logging in to a webmail account or on social networks).
- Persistent Cookies - These are stored on the hard drive of a computer or equipment (and generally depend on the default lifetime for the cookie). Persistent cookies also include those placed by a website other than the one the user is currently visiting - known as "third party cookies" - which can be used anonymously to memorize a user's interests so that the most relevant advertising for users is delivered.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF COOKIES?
It may contain information that links a web browser (user) to a specific web server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: eg - online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts or relevant advertising.
WHAT IS HIS LIFE?
Cookies are managed by webservers. The lifespan can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website ("cookie- permanent "). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through the browser settings.
HOW ARE COOKIES USED BY THIS SITE?
A visit to this site may place cookies for the purposes of:
- site performance
- visitor analysis
- for geotargetting
- for advertising
This type of cookie retains the user's preferences on this site, so there is no need to set them each time you visit the site.
COOKIES FOR VISITOR ANALYSIS
Each time a user visits this site the analytics software provided by a third party generates a user analysis cookie. This cookie tells us if you have visited this site before. The browser will tell us if you have this cookie, and if not, we will generate one. It allows monitoring the unique users who visit us and how often they do it.
These cookies are used by a software that determines which country you come from. It is completely anonymous and is only used to target content - even when you are on our page in Romanian or in another language you receive the same advertisement.
COOKIES FOR REGISTRATION
When you register on this site, we generate a cookie that notifies us if you are registered or not. Our servers use these cookies to show us the account with which you are registered and if you have permission for a specific service. It also allows us to associate any comment you post on our site with your username. If you have not selected "keep me registered", this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer.
WHAT KIND OF INFORMATION IS STORED AND ACCESSED THROUGH COOKIES?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The webserver will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that improves the Internet browsing experience (eg: settings for the language in which you want to access a site; keeping a user logged in to the webmail account; online banking security; keeping products in the shopping cart)
WHY ARE COOKIES IMPORTANT FOR THE INTERNET?
Cookies represent the central point of the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience and adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Declining or disabling cookies may make some sites impossible to use.
Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising - but only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests, highlighted by your browsing behavior.
SECURITY AND CONFIDENTIALITY ISSUES
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or auto-run. Consequently, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate again. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies may, however, be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users' preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
HOW CAN I STOP COOKIES?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, the refusal to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive / see online advertising.
It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the "options" or "preferences" menu of your browser.
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser's "help" option for more details.
Cookie settings in
- Internet Explorer
- Microsoft Edge